Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an arthropod-borne viral disease caused by a Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) of the family Bunyaviridae and genus Phlebovirus. Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is an acute, mosquito-borne viral disease that has a significant global threat to humans and livestock. It is an emerging pathogen, whose range has recently expanded from east Africa, across sub-Saharan Africa to north Africa, and to the Arabian Peninsula.
The importance of the disease lies in its public health impact and the economic losses resulting from the cessation of trade in livestock and livestock related products. Relatively, little is known about the natural history of RVFV transmission and infection because natural outbreaks are sporadic and occur in an interval of 5 to 15 years.
Interepidemic RVFV transmission to humans was previously reported in Kenya but however the natural reservoir for RVFV and the mechanism by which humans become infected during IEP are unknown. In order to address the above gaps, studies that will lead to better understanding of the transmission, ecology, and epidemiology of RVFV during IEP will be conducted. The data generated from these studies will be used to refine the predictive algorithms for RVFV transmission based on ecological risk factors, epidemiological and remote sensing data. This will lead to improved early detection of RVFV and consequently allow veterinary/health planners to put in place early reaction programmes so that disease epidemics in humans and livestock can be prevented in a timely manner.
National Coordinator – Professor Jean-Marie Kayembe Ntumba, Associate Dean, Faculty of Medicine Institute of Public Health Kinshasa
The Institute of Public Health of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Kinshasa.
National Institute for Biomedical Research (INRB)
The Central Veterinary Laboratory in Kinshasa
National Institute for Nature Conservation (ICCN)
National Coordinator – Dr Luis Neves, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University
Faculty of Medicine - Eduardo Mondlane University (FM-EMU)
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine – Eduardo Mondlane University (FVM-EMU)
Directorate of Animal Sciences – Institute of Agricultural Research of Mozambique - Ministry of Agriculture (DCA-IIAM)
National Health Institute – Ministry of Health (INS)
National Institute for Fisheries Inspection (INIP)
National Coordinator of South Africa national consortium is Professor Musoke, Director OVI
National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service (NICD/NHLS), Johannesburg, South Africa
Faculty of Veterinary Science University of Pretoria (FVS-UP), at Onderstepoort
National Coordinator of Tanzanian consortium is Professor Mecky Matee, Head Dept Microbiology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, MUHAS, Dar es Salaam
The Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI)
Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA)
Zambia national coordinator is Dr. Aaron S. Mweene, Dean, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia.
Central Veterinary Research Institute (CVRI) - email: cvri @ zamnet dot zm