Spatial and temporal distribution of foot-and-mouth disease virus in the lake zone of Tanzania

Abstract This study was conducted to determine the spatiotemporal distribution of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus (FMDV) serotypes and evaluate the awareness of livestock keepers about FMD in Tanzania. An observational prospective study involving serological analysis, FMDV antigen detection and questionnaire survey was carried out in the lake zone of Tanzania. Seroprevalence of antibodies to the nonstructural protein 3ABC of…

Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease in Tanzania

Background: Foot and Mouth disease (FMD) in Tanzania is a major obstacle to the development of the national livestock industry because of its adverse effect in livestock production and trade of animal and animal products into lucrative export market.   Read here for more

Serological screening suggests presence of Schmallenberg virus in cattle, sheep and goat in the Zambezia Province, Mozambique.

Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is a novel Orthobunyavirus within the family Bunyaviridae belonging to the Simbu serogroup. Schmallenberg virus infects ruminants and has since its discovery in the autumn 2011 been detected/spread to large parts of Europe. Most bunyaviruses are arboviruses, and SBV has been detected in biting midges in different European countries, suggesting that they…

Screening for foot-and-mouth disease virus in livestock-wildlife interface areas of Tanzania

About the author(s) Emma Peter, Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania, United Republic of Christopher J. Kasanga, Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania, United Republic of Raphael Sallu, Tanzania Veterinary Laboratory Agency, Tanzania, United Republic of Mkama Mathias, Tanzania Veterinary Laboratory Agency, Tanzania,…

Risk factors for foot-and-mouth disease in Zambia, 1981-2012.

Abstract The aim of this study was to describe the spatial distribution of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in Zambia for the period January 1981-December 2012 and to quantify the association between geographical features (proximity to roads, national parks, wetland areas) and the spatial distribution of FMD using a Poisson point process model. Details of FMD…

Predominance of multi-drug resistant bacterial pathogens causing surgical site infections in Muhimbili National Hospital, Tanzania.

Abstract BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) remain a common and widespread problem contributing to a significant morbidity and mortality, attributed partly by the increase in antimicrobial resistance among the etiological agents. This study was done to determine the spectrum of bacterial isolates and their susceptibility patterns causing SSIs at Muhimbili National Hospital, Tanzania.   Read…

Practice of One Health approaches: bridges and barriers in Tanzania.

Abstract The practice of one health approaches in human and animal health programmes is influenced by type and scope of bridges and barriers for partnerships. It was thus essential to evaluate the nature and scope of collaborative arrangements among human, animal, and wildlife health experts in dealing with health challenges which demand inter-sectoral partnership. The…

Plague in Tanzania: An overview

Abstract   Human plague remains a public health concern in Tanzania despite its quiescence in most foci for years, considering the recurrence nature of the disease. Despite the long-standing history of this problem, there have not been recent reviews of the current knowledge on plague in Tanzania. This work aimed at providing a current overview…