Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of Dengue fever in Kassala state, eastern Sudan

Arwa Elaagip, Khider Alsedig, Omnia Altahir, Tellal Ageep, Ayman Ahmed, Hanaa Adli Siam, Abdallah M. Samy, Waleed Mohamed, Fatima Khalid, Suhaib Gumaa, Linzy Elton, Alimuddin Zumla, Najmul Haider, Richard Kock, Muzamil Mahdi, Abdel Hamid   Abstract Dengue is a rapidly growing public health threat in Kassala state, eastern Sudan. The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence, entomological transmission indices, and socioeconomic risk factors associated with dengue…

Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding antimicrobial use and resistance among communities of Ilala, Kilosa and Kibaha districts of Tanzania

Gasto Frumence, Sharadhuli Kimera, Taane G. Clark, Helena Legido‑Quigley, Stephen E. Mshana Abstract Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents one of the biggest threats to health globally. This crosssectional study determined knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding antimicrobial use (AMU) and AMR among communities of Ilala, Kilosa and Kibaha in Tanzania. Method: A semi-structured questionnaire was used to…

Persistent domestic circulation of African swine fever virus in Tanzania, 2015–2017

Authors: Clara M. Yona, Merijn Vanhee, Edgar Simulundu, Mariam Makange, Hans J. Nauwynck & Gerald Misinzo Abstract Background African swine fever (ASF) is a highly fatal viral hemorrhagic disease of domestic pigs that threatens livelihoods and food security. In Africa, ASF virus (ASFV) circulates in sylvatic (transmission between warthogs and soft argasid ticks) and domestic (transmission between domestic pigs) cycles, with…

Antimicrobial use and resistance in food-producing animals and the environment: an African perspective

Zuhura I. Kimera, Stephen E. Mshana, Mark M. Rweyemamu, Leonard E. G. Mboera & Mecky I. N. Matee  Abstract Background The overuse of antimicrobials in food animals and the subsequent contamination of the environment have been associated with development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. This review presents information on antimicrobial use, resistance and status of surveillance systems in food animals…

Seroprevalence of human Brucellosis and associated risk factors among high risk occupations in Mbeya Region of Tanzania

Abstract Background Brucellosis is an infectious zoonotic disease that affects humans, livestock and wildlife. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Mbeya region between November 2015 and January 2016 to investigate the seroprevalence of human brucellosis and identify associated risk factors among individuals in risky occupations in Mbeya Region. A total of 425 humans from six occupational…

Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Thermophilic Campylobacter Species in Humans and Animals in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review

Noel Gahamanyi, Leonard E. G. Mboera, Mecky I. Matee, Dieudonné Mutangana, and Erick V. G. Komba Abstract Thermophilic Campylobacter species are clinically important aetiologies of gastroenteritis in humans throughout the world. The colonization of different animal reservoirs by Campylobacter poses an important risk for humans through shedding of the pathogen in livestock waste and contamination of water sources, environment, and food. A review of…

Association of brucellosis to abortions in humans and domestic ruminants in Kagera ecosystem, Tanzania

Ntirandekura, J-B, Matemba, L.E.; Kimera, S.I.; Muma, J.B. and Karimuribo, E.D.  Abstract Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease of socio‐economic importance. Understanding the association of this disease with pregnancy outcome has the potential of contributing to the reduction of its reproductive burden in humans and animals among pastoral communities in Tanzania. A prospective cohort study…

Molecular characterization of Brucella species detected in humans and domestic ruminants of pastoral areas in Kagera ecosystem, Tanzania

Jean‐Bosco Ntirandekura, Victor A. Makene, Christopher J. Kasanga, Lucas E. Matemba, Sharadhuli I. Kimera, John B. Muma, Esron D. Karimuribo Abstract Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease of importance to both public health and the livestock industry. The disease is likely to be endemic in Tanzania and little is reported on molecular characterization of Brucella species in pastoral settings. This study aimed at characterizing Brucella species…

Molecular detection of Campylobacter species from human and cattle faecal samples in Kilosa district, Tanzania

Noel Gahamanyi, Leonard E.G. Mboera, Mecky I. Matee, Dieudonné Mutangana, Raghavendra G. Amachawadi, Kye-Yoon Yoon, Humphrey A. Mabwi, Kwang Hyun Cha, Cheol-Ho Pan, Erick V.G.   Abstract Background: A growing number of Campylobacter species other than C. jejuni and C. coli have been considered as emerging human and animal pathogens. However, the contribution of these species to…

Tracking characterization of Mycobacterium strains in Tanzania and some sub-Saharan African Countries: An overview on genotyping studies, implication and trends in advancing technology

Katale B, Keyyu J, Kendall S, Michel AL, Dockrell HM, Rweyemamu M, van Helden PD, Matee MIN.   Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) is a devastating chronic debilitating infection that imposes a considerable negative impact on human health. The disease also affects the quality of livestock, wildlife and their products. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is the causative…