Dr. Leonard Mboera is a scientist with interest and experiences in research in mosquito-borne diseases ecology; ecohealth and infectious disease surveillance including outbreak management. At the regional and national levels, he has made enormous contributions to the strengthening the integrated disease surveillance and response programmes in Tanzania and East Africa.
His involvement in disease surveillance and outbreak investigations started in mid-1990s following frequent malaria epidemics in Tanzania. During early 2000s, he was involved in the development of early warning systems for malaria epidemic prone districts in Tanzania. In 2000 he was one of the founding members and first Coordinator of the East African Integrated Disease Surveillance Network (2001- 2004).
Later, he led the team of the National Institute for Medical Research and Ministry of Health in the the Strengthening of the National Integrated Disease Surveillance in Tanzania from 2002-2005. He coordinated the national team in the outbreak investigation of Rift Valley fever in Dodoma in 2007 and Dengue outbreak in Dar es Salaam in 2014-2015. His contribution in disease surveillance include the development of several guidelines, job aids, standard operating procedures and policy briefs.
He now leads Emerging and Vector-Borne Disease Community of Practice at the SACIDS Foundation for One Health.
Over the years, his involvement in studies in mosquito ecology contributed to the scientific knowledge on mosquito resource seeking behaviours. These studies lead to changes in the sampling techniques and monitoring for anthropophilic mosquitoes in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Some of the outcomes were published as:
1. Mboera, L.E.G., Knols, B.G.J., Takken, W. & della Torre, A. (1997) The response of Anopheles gambiae s.l. and A. funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) to tents baited with human odour or carbon dioxide in Tanzania. Bulletin of Entomological Research 87, 173-178.
2. Mboera, L.E.G., Kihonda, J., Braks, M.A.H. & Knols, B.G.J. (1998) Influence of Centers for Disease Control light trap position, relative to a human-baited bed net, on catches of Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus in Tanzania. American Journal of
Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 59, 595-596.
3. Mboera, L.E.G., Takken, W., Mdira, K.Y., Chuwa, G.J. & Pickett, J.A. (2000) Oviposition and behavioral responses of Culex quinquefasciatus to skatole and synthetic oviposition pheromone in Tanzania. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 26 (5) 1193-1203.
4. Mboera, L.E.G., Takken, W., Mdira, K.Y. & Pickett, J.A. (2000) Sampling gravid Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Tanzania with traps baited with synthetic oviposition pheromone and grass infusions. Journal of Medical Entomology 37 (1), 172-176.
5. Schorkopf, D.L.P., Spanoudis, C.G., Mboera, L.E.G., Mafra-Neto, A., Ignell, R. &Dekker, T. (2016) Combining attractants and larvicides in biodgradable matrices for
sustainable disease vector mosquito control. PLoS Neglected Diseases 10(10);
6. Mafra-Neto, A., Saroli, J., Oliveira da Silva, R., Mboera, L.E., White, G.B, Foster, W.,Spencer, K.L., Ebrahimi, B., Sonenshine, D.E., Daniels, T., Kemibala, E.E., Borges, R.& Dekker, T. (2018) Getting Them Where They Live—Semiochemical-based Strategies
to Address Major Gaps in Vector Control Programs: Vectrax, SPLAT BAC, Trojan Cow, and SPLAT TK. In: Advances in the Biorational Control of Medical and Veterinary Pests,101-152, DOI:10.1021/bk-2018-1289.ch007