Prof. Mark Rweyemamu

Mark is the Executive Director of the SACIDS Foundation for One Health (formerly, the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance – SACIDS) located at the Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.
His current area of research interest is infectious diseases through a One Health approach. He has led SACIDS since its inception in 2008, directing its research capacity development in infectious diseases of humans and animals in the endemic settings of the African ecosystems. The strategy of SACIDS is based on 3 inter-linked approaches: (i) operating as a Virtual Centre that seeks to optimize the sharing of physical resources and human expertise across SACIDS member institutions in Southern and East Africa; (ii) organizing themed research programmes in which participating scientists and their research students/fellows operate as a Community of Practice; (iii) a South-South-North Smart Partnership scientists and institutions that share the Mission of SACIDS for harnessing innovations in science and technology in order to improve Africa’s capacity to detect, identify and monitor infectious diseases of humans, animals and their interactions in the African ecosystems in order to better manage the risk posed by them.
The SACIDS programmes in Tanzania and Zambia have now led to two World Bank Africa Centre of Excellence for Infectious Diseases of Humans and Animals in Eastern and Southern Africa.
The research programme of SACIDS that he directs is in four strands: (i) emerging and vector-borne viral diseases; (ii) viral epidemic diseases that constrain food security; (iii) bacterial diseases with a focus on antimicrobial resistance and on Mycobacterial infections; (iv) cross-cutting One Health sciences with a focus on disease surveillance
systems, epidemiological risk modeling, social and economic determinants of human and animal health.
He is a Visiting Professor in the Department of Pathology and Infectious Diseases of the RVC, London and Visiting Professor of Transboundary and Emerging Infectious Diseases at the Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania. Formerly, he was Head of the Infectious Diseases Programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations at its Headquarters in Rome. From 1994 to his retirement from FAO in 2002, he was the inaugural Head of the FAO special programme on infectious diseases, known as the Emergency Prevention System for Animal and Plant Pests and Diseases (EMPRES) which included the coordination of the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme (GREP). Before moving to FAO Headquarters, he had set up the Pan African Veterinary Vaccine Centre in Addis Ababa, on behalf of FAO and the Organisation of African Unity (now African Union).
He has worked in both governmental and industrial settings. In government: as Virologist and Chief Veterinary Research Officer for the Tanzanian Government and as Head of the Virus Diseases at the then East African Veterinary Research Organisation, Muguga, Kenya. In industry he has been the Director of Veterinary Vaccine Research for Pfizer International, the Head of FMD Vaccine Research for the Wellcome Foundation and the Technical Director for the AVIS College. His area of interest is on the major infectious diseases of animals, known as transboundary animal diseases.

He has published over 150 papers in peer review journals, which includes 16 key One Health related papers such as:-

  1. Coker, R., Rushton, J., Mounier-Jack,S.Karimuribo,E.,Lutumba, P., Kambarage, K., Pfeiffer, D.U.,  Stärk, K. and RWEYEMAMU, M.(2011).Towards a conceptual framework to support one-health research for policy on emerging zoonoses.The Lancet Infectious Diseases 11: 326 – 331
  2. RWEYEMAMU M,Kambarage D, Karimuribo E, Wambura P, Matee M, Kayembe JM, Mweene A, Neves LMasumu J, Kasanga C, Hang’ombe B, KayunzeK,Misinzo G, Simuunza M, Paweska JT. (2012). Development of a One Health National Capacity in Africa : The Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS) One Health Virtual Centre Model. Curr Top MicrobiolImmunol. DOI: 10.1007/82_2012_244 _ Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
  3. Mshana SE, Matee M, RWEYEMAMU M. (2013) Antimicrobial resistance in human and animal pathogens in Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique and Tanzania: an urgent need of a sustainable surveillance system. Ann ClinMicrobiolAntimicrob. 2013 Oct 12;12:28. doi: 10.1186/1476-0711-12-28.
  4. Dar, O. A., Hasan, R., Schlundt, J., Harbarth, S., Caleo, G., Dar, F. K., Littmann, J., RWEYEMAMU, M.,Buckley, E. J. & Shahid, M. 2016. Exploring the evidence base for national and regional policy interventions to combat resistance. The Lancet, 387, 285-295.
  5. Karimuribo, E. D., Mutagahywa, E., Sindato, C., Mboera, L., Mwabukusi, M., KariukiNjenga, M., … Rweyemamu, M. (2017). A Smartphone App (AfyaData) for Innovative One Health Disease Surveillance from Community to National Levels in Africa: Intervention in Disease Surveillance. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, 3(4), e94.
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Project(s): Enhancing community-based disease outbreak detection and response in East and Southern Africa , Establishing the SACIDS Network and Secretariat – Phase II , Ecohealth Approach to Assessing Infectious Disease Burden and Vulnerability in Southern and Eastern Africa
Publication(s): Molecular biological characteristics of foot-and-mouth disease virus in the African buffalo in southern Africa , The changing landscape for health research in Africa: The Focus of the Southern African Centre for Infectious Diseases and Surveillance , Serosurveillance of foot-and-mouth disease virus in selected livestock-wildlife interface areas of Tanzania , Investigation of foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks in the Mbala and Kazungula districts of Zambia , Rapid, sensitive and effective diagnostic tools for foot-and-mouth disease virus in Africa , Molecular survey for foot-and-mouth disease virus in livestock in Tanzania, 2008 – 2013 , Mobile technologies for disease surveillance in humans and animals , A Smartphone App (AfyaData) for Innovative One Health Disease Surveillance from Community to National Levels in Africa: Intervention in Disease Surveillance